Definitions of Special Educational Needs (SEN) taken from section 20 of the Children and Families Act 2014. 

A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for them. 

A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if they: 

a) have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age; 


b) have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post16 institutions. 

A child under compulsory school age has special educational needs if they fall within the definition (a) or (b) above or would do so if special educational provision was not made for them. 

Children must not be regarded as having a learning difficulty solely because the language or form of language of their home is different from the language in which they will be taught. 

Types of Need 

There are 4 primary areas of special educational needs: 

  • Communication and Interaction 
  • Cognition and Learning 
  • Social, Mental & Emotional Health 
  • Sensory and/or Physical development. Special Educational Needs Policy 20120/2021 

In this policy we detail how we aim to make provision for all such children at St. Paul’s CE Primary School. More details about the SEN Code of Practice can be found on the Department for Education’s website:

Find out more about Bury’s SEND Offer